|Herod's Temple in 3D
|About the Author
of the Rock
Who Built it?
|Red Heifer Bridge
|Trumpeting Stone and Xystus
|Temple Mount Walls
|Early Temple Illustration
|Maps of Early Explorers
|Temple Water System
|Five Location Theories
Norma Robertson (Jan 10, 2016)
Is this something no one has seen before? No, but it is the first time it has been recognized and understood for what it was.
I have been studying the Temple Mount since 2000, but a map of the water system made by Sir Charles Warren didn't make it on to the Internet until 2009. Charles Warren was one of the early explorers in 1864 that had been allowed by the Muslims to explore below the surface of the Temple Mount. I first saw the map hung on a wall in a photograph someone had taken in a museum in Israel. My jaw dropped because I had been using Warren's maps for nine years to illustrate where the old Temple was once located on the Mount. How could I have never seen this map?
Complete Map of the Temple Mount in Jerusalem, with southern water channels.Water Channels (conduits) at the southern end of the Temple Mount.
immediately that it was the ancient water
system for the Temple.
I knew at a glance
diagram of the Temple
complex would fit over the top of it perfectly, revealing what Solomon
the Internet and finally found a copy of the original map. Pasting it
paint program and overlaying it with my diagram of the Temple complex,
which I had
created in 2000, was great conformation that my diagram was correct.
corner of the Temple Mount. Water
flowed from the Lower Aqueduct to the water system. The pool was used
to submerge the giant Copper Laver for the Priest to wash their hands
and feet throughout the day.
The Lower Aqueduct
The aqueduct coming from Bethlehem (Solomon's Pools) that entered the temple mount over Wilson's Arch was called Ein Etam by the Jews. This Lower Aqueduct was built by Solomon bringing water to the Temple from the Etam Spring (Ain Atan) near Solomon’s pools. The Jerusalem Talmud (Yoma 31) shows that a conduit ran from Atan (Ain Atan, Ein Etan, Spring Etam) to the Temple.
Abaye, a Jewish sage of the 4th century was quoted as saying; "If these orifices be now opened, the water rushes in from all sides, and the marble floor of the sanctuary is washed clean of the blood of the sacrifices, if it be ever so much, and thus cleansed of itself, and in the easiest manner. There can be, moreover, never a want of water in these artificially constructed tubes, as it is conducted hither FROM A LARGE NATURAL SPRING (ETAM), which to a certainty can never dry...Tosefta Pesachim, Ch. 3, Par. 12, "How is the Azara cleaned? Seal the area and let the water from the aqueduct enter till it becomes clean like milk."
THE EIN ETAM IS 23 CUBITS HIGHER THAN THE AZARAH (the priest's court)". (Bab. Tal. Yoma 31a), From: "The Spring (Fountain) of Siloah...En Shiloach" (The Springs and Pools of Jerusalem) and that using the aqueduct waters derived from the Etam Spring the “high priest would immerse himself on the Day of Atonement” (Bab. Tal. Zebahim 54b) https://www.scribd.com/document/507657403/Yoma-31
Built the Lower Aqueduct?
explorers drew maps with the Temple placed at the SW corner of the
right where this water system was located. I made a short video
water system and also
included information about the Trumpeting Stone, which was found at the
SW corner during the excavations.
Josephus wrote that the Place of the Trumpeting was within the Temple
which tells us that Herod’s Temple was not located in the City of
David, as some
System & Trumpeting Stone
are the Maps
of a few of the Early Explorers. As
see they agreed only
concerning the SW placement and disagreed about almost everything else.
Josephus gives the dimensions of the Herodian Temple complex as a square, each side one furlong (approximately 600 ft) in length. Josephus also states that the length of Herod’s Royal Stoa, located at the southern end of the Temple complex, was a furlong in length. How anyone can stretch the size of that Temple complex to fit the whole width of the Temple Mount is beyond me, because the Temple Mount is 995 feet wide, not 600 feet
Warren, Charles Wilson, or James Ferguson, and a few other early
what this water system was? These
early explorers of the Temple Mount placed the Temple at this southwest
because it was the only place on the Mount that fit the description
Josephus, a Jewish historian that lived in Jerusalem in the first
century. Josephus later
wrote about the Temple and its destruction in 70 CE in his books. These
early explorers also had
the evidence of the ruins deep within the Mount itself. They noticed
was 600 feet, or one furlong, from the southwest corner to Triple gate,
exact measurement that Josephus had given for the width of the Herodian
complex. Why do I see it and they could not?
I have an advantage they didn’t have, which is the
excavations of the Ophel, which is located beyond the south
wall of the Temple Mount.
Locating Solomon's Templeby Norma Robertson
NOW ON VIDEO!