Locating Solomon's Temple

SOLOMONIC WALL 

AKRA FOUND?

Chapter Eight

Eilat Mazar's Amazing Discovery of the Solomonic Wall and the Royal Complex of Solomon's Palace


The Visit of the Queen of Sheba to King Solomon, by Sir Edward John Poynter

Solomon’s royal and military complex was located to the immediate south of the Temple.
It included the palace, the throne room, which had a porch of pillars, then a porch for the throne room in which the king sat in judgment. Behind this were quarters for the king, and a large courtyard. Also included was the house for the queen.. Josephus says The Palace stood over against (or opposite) the temple. They were so close together that a shout in the Temple court could be heard by the Queen in the Palace. (2kings 11:12,13) We also know from scripture that the Palace was built on the Ophel, outside, and up hill, from the City of David, and down hill from the Temple.

The Temple took 7 years to build, whereas the Palace and the house of the Queen took 13 years to build.

1 kings 7:1 But Solomon was building his own house thirteen years, and he finished all his house. 7:2 He built also the house of the forest of Lebanon; the
length thereof was an hundred cubits, and the breadth thereof fifty cubits, and the height thereof thirty cubits, upon four rows of cedar pillars, with cedar beams upon the pillars.

7:8 And his house where he dwelt
had another court within the porch, which was of the like work. Solomon made also an house for Pharaoh's daughter, whom he had taken to wife, like unto this porch. 

What we learn from this information is that the Royal complex extended up to the south wall of Solomon's Temple on Ophel hill.  It is said that the Herodians, when building the southern lower courts of the Temple, built over the top of the ruins of Solomon's Palace complex.  It would have gone into ruin many centuries earlier and so he had no regard for it.

All of this information fits well with my location for Solomon's Temple.  


The Green line represents Solomon's Temple complex.
The
Blue line represents the Herodian Temple complex. (called the southern lower court by Josephus because it was built on the lower part of the hill. This included Herod's Royal Stoa)
The
Red line is the recent dig of Eilat Mazar revealing a small portion of the Solomon royal complex. The light red represents a general Solomonic complex area.



The Green line represents Solomon's Temple complex.
The
Blue line represents the Herodian Temple complex. (called the southern lower court by Josephus because it was built on the lower part of the hill. This included Herod's Royal Stoa)
The
Red line is the recent dig of Eilat Mazar revealing a small portion of the Solomon royal complex. The light red represents a general Solomonic complex area.


Eilat Mazar has only uncovered a small portion of the Solomonic Complex. An inner gatehouse for access into the royal quarter of the city, a royal structure adjacent to the gatehouse, and a corner tower that overlooks a substantial section of the adjacent Kidron Valley and a large section of Solomon's city wall. A bulla, a stamp seal impression, that bears the name “Hezekiah [son of] Ahaz, king of Judah”.


My location for Solomon's southern temple court is the only one that would make the proper connections with what Eilat Mazar has discovered.   The other Temple Mount theories, such as Tuvia Sagiv's location over the Al Kas Fountain, is too far north of this, and of course the Dome of the Rock location by Ritmeyer and the Dome of the Tablets location by Dr. Kaufman is out of the question. The City of David location for the Temple by Dr. Martin/Bob Cornuke would have us believe that Solomon built his palace in the City of David, south of their Temple location. This goes against all the Biblical sources that tell us that Solomon built his house outside the City of David.  For this reason, in my opinion, it would be very difficult for the other theorist to acknowledge this find for what it is.

Akra Found?


Dr. Doron Ben-Ami, Yana Tchekhanovets and Salome Cohen, excavation directors on behalf of the Israel Antiquities Authority believe they have found the runs of the Akra (Acra). The Akra was a fortified Hellenistic citadel erected in Jerusalem by the Seleucid conquerors, after they first destroyed the city in 168 BC. The compound was torn down by the Maccabee rebels fighting the Greek rulers in the 2nd century BC. They have found “remains of fortifications, weapons, ceramics and coins from the Hellenistic era. The catapults at the site were engraved with a pitchfork, the emblem of King Antiochus IV. They discovered numerous coins ranging in date from the reign of Antiochus IV to that of Antiochus VII and the large number of wine jars that were imported from the Aegean region to Jerusalem, which were discovered at the site.” These items “provide evidence of the citadel’s chronology, as well as the non-Jewish identity of its inhabitants”.They believe “the archaeological finds indicate the establishment of a well-fortified stronghold that was constructed on the high bedrock cliff overlooking the steep slopes of the City of David hill.”


The Akra citadel was peopled by a Seleucid garrison with Hellenized Jews who supported the Seleucid rulers. From there they controlled the approach to the Temple cutting off the Temple from the old City of David.

Josephus writes;

"…and when he had overthrown the city walls, [Epiphanes] built a citadel [Greek: Acra] in the lower part of the city, for the place was high, and overlooked the temple; on which account he fortified it with high walls and towers, and put into it a garrison of Macedonians. However, in that citadel dwelt the impious and wicked part of the multitude, from whom it proved that the citizens suffered many and sore calamities.” -Antiquities of the Jews book 12 chap 5:4

In the map below The blue lines represent Herod's extended courts on this map.  The green lines represent Solomon's Temple. At the time the Akra existed Zerubbabel's Temple would have been within Solomon's wall area and courts, in green.

Akra Found


This placement for the Akra is another conformation for the Temple once being located at the southern end of the Temple Mount..

Thank you 

Norma Robertson

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