Aerial Photo
 -Temple Mount and Ophel

Warren's Survey Map
 -With cistern descriptions

5 location Theories
 -Josephus' layout

Water Channels and  levels
 -Map and info

Nehemiah Map
 -Map of City Walls

Fort Antonia
 -On the highest hill

Solomon's Portico
 -What was Triple Gate?

Double Gate
 -Not Huldah Gate

Southeast Corner
 -Who built it?

Ophel Excavations
 -Ruins reveal the location

Temple Platform
 -Original location

Temple Mount
  -illustration 70 AD

Temple Diagrams
 -According to ruins

Herod's Temple Courts
  -According to Josephus

Early Temple Illustration
 - from David to Herod

Wailing wall
 -A little history

 Temple Mount Chronology
 950 BC - 135 CE
Ophel Ruins

"Locating Solomon's' Temple"
by Norma Robertson

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Locating Solomon's Temple - Video

New! "Locating Solomon's Temple"
now on Video!

Click here  four videos 10 to 15 minutes in length

The Ophel Ruins

In my research I found so much evidence in the ruins on the Ophel, the ruins under the Mount, and in the writings of the Jewish people, to prove that this was where the southern half of first and second Temple compound was located.  I can only hope that when you finish reading this site you will come to the same conclusion.

Josephus, a Jewish historian, that lived during the destruction of the Temple wrote....."for the temple was a fortress that guarded the city, as was the tower of Antonia a guard to the temple; and in that tower were the guards of those three (14)
........that hill on which the tower of Antonia stood was the highest of these three.

2.   .................... It was Agrippa who encompassed the parts added to the old city with this wall, which had been all naked before; for as the city grew more populous, it gradually crept beyond its old limits, and those parts of it that stood northward of the temple, and joined that hill to the city, made it considerably larger, and occasioned that hill, which is in number the fourth, and is called "Bezetha," to be inhabited also.  It lies over against (across from) the tower Antonia, but is divided from it by a deep valley, which was dug on purpose (a moat), and that in order to hinder the foundations of the tower of Antonia from joining to this hill,  (THE ANTIQUITIES OF THE JEWS Book 15, Chapter 11)
Most people place Fort Antonia on the hill Bezetha. As we can see this is incorrect according to Josephus.  It (Bezetha-New City)  lies over against (across from) the tower Antonia, but is divided from it by a deep valley, which was dug on purpose (the moat)

That places the location of the Temple as being South of the Dome of the Rock area.

The city of David was on a hill with valleys surrounding it on three sides, but on the north was the weak spot in it's defense.   It was there that the Temple was built and surrounded with very high walls, as a fortress.   Beyond that, but connected to it, a tower was erected on the highest rocky hill.  Later this tower was added to becoming a fort also called Fort Antonia.  To further fortify the Temple and City from a northern attack a 200 foot moat was dug north of that, separating this hill from the hill Bezetha.   An army attacking the City of Jerusalem had to fill in the moat, destroy the walls of Fort Antonia, before they could take the Temple.    Which Titus and his army actually did in 70 AD.

Where is that second hill that Josephus spoke of?
The hill of "The Temple, from which the city was guarded"

Ophel is the hill that lies between the highest hill and the old city of David below, just as Josephus described.

On Ophel hill a person can view a gigantic mass of bedrock protruding out of the hill.  It is 215 feet wide and 22 feet high.  On the face of that massive rock either King David, or Solomon, cut huge steps leading to the top of it. 

It has been suggested that the steps lead up to tunnels, passageways, which the people walked through to get up to the surface of the Temple Mount.  But there is NO record of these tunnels in all of history.   In fact these passages, under Al-Aksa Mosque,  are proven to have been constructed after the destruction of the Temple in 70 AD.

Ophel ruins at the Southern wall

The ancient steps, cut into the bedrock excavated in 1967

Quote; The massive stairs lead up to the platform. ["The large monumental stairway just to the south of the Double Gate was excavated.] This stairway of 30 steps  is 215 feet wide, paved with smoothly trimmed stones, and its FOUNDATION STEPS ARE CUT INTO THE BEDROCK. From a wide plaza below on the south…the STAIRWAY ROSE 22 FEET [sic 22-1/2 feet] to the UPPER STREET [the rampart/platform] in front of the Double Gate" [W. Harold Mare, The Archaeology of the Jerusalem Area, p. 154; see also Benjamin Mazar, The Mountain of the Lord].

King David purchased a threshing floor north of, and above,  the City of David and on that foundation rock he built an altar to God. And before the altar his son built the House of God and in it he placed the Ark of the Covenant.

I believe those steps lead up to the threshing floor of David. The second hill Josephus spoke of, where the Temple once stood.

If that is the case, and I believe I have proved that it is, then the Ophel Excavations 
are part of the old Temple Compound. 
Below is a Close-up of the right lower corner of the Ophel Ruins with its gates and walls of ancient times. They tell a wondrous tale.

Ophel ruins

New photo of Ophel ruins
Click here

By laying the lower right corner of the above diagram over this photo, the ruins reveal they were part of the Temple compound.

Herod's southern gate was in the center of the 600 foot south wall of the temple compound

 Sir Charles Warren's Survey Map 
with temple diagram overlays
The drawing not only fits the shape of the ruins of the Ophel but also the underground ruins shown by Warren.  This map shows only some of the ruins, both above ground and below, that are easily identified when my design is placed over the top.

Click on Maps for larger image 

From the ruins of the North gate to the ruins of a South gate and from the ruins of Robinson's arch to Triple gate they form a perfect square 600 X 600 feet!    This is also not a coincidence

Most of the old Solomon temple walls (in green)  were removed by Herod. According to historical accounts Herod's temple area was around 187x187 meters square (at 44 cm per cubit, 17.5 inches per cubit, approximately 600 feet).