According to Josephus Flavius, the sizes of the area was "ris by ris." (5) This is approximately 183 x 183 meters and its area approximately 36 dunams. He also mentioned that the length of the royal colonnade (the length of the south wall) was a ris (approximately 183 m, and it continued from the Eastern Valley to the Western Valley.
Today the length of the southern wall is approximately 290 m.
Josephus and the Mishna record that the court area was square shaped.
The dimension of the Temple Mount area today is 3 times larger than what was described by the sources and the shape differs as well.